Understanding What is
HumanPapillomaVirus

HPV is the most commonly transmitted viral infection of the reproductive tract and is the main cause of cervical cancer worldwide. The infection often functions silently and may not show any symptoms.

Some cancers and diseases caused by HPV

Cervical Cancer

Anal Cancer

Vaginal Cancer

Vulvar Cancer

Genital Warts

But how doesHPV Spread

HPV transmission takes place through

Mainly sexual contact

Non-sexual contact

Mother-to-child during birth

Even sexually inactive individuals may be at risk of human papillomavirus infection. *Sexual content is the most common route of transmission. Non-sexual contact and mother-to-child transmission during birth is relatively rare.

HPV types to look out for

There are 200+ types of HPV out there. Out of these, there are some prevalent serotypes that may lead to HPV-related cancers and diseases.

Most HPV infections clear on their own, but if it persists, it can lead to HPV complications such as

Low-risk HPV types (6 and 11)

90% of anogenital warts

High-risk HPV types (16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58)

Certain HPV-related cancers

How can HPV affect your health?

Here are the approximate cases of HPV-related cancers in India, reported annually due to high-risk HPV types.

Cervical cancer

1,23,907 cases

Vaginal cancer

5,518 cases

Vulvar cancer

3,447 cases

Anal cancer

5,452 cases

Genital warts

>30 Lakh cases

*Cancer data as of 2022, Genital Warts data as of 2011, in the age group 18-60 years.

HPV is a silent invader

HPV often presents no symptoms. When HPV symptoms do appear, they take the form of genital HPV warts or abnormal cervical smears.

HPV progression and prevention

Explore how vaccine intervention can benefit you at different stages.

How will you identify genital warts?

Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area that appear like a cauliflower.

Genital warts are usually not painful, although they may cause mild pain, bleeding, and an itching sensation.

HPV: Beyond the basics

A word of caution

And find a Doctor near you

Almost 50% of sexually active women and men will get genital HPV infection at some point in their lifetime.

The prevalence of genital warts in India is ~1.07%, accounting for more than 30 Lakh cases.

Diagnosis of genital warts can be associated with an increased risk of developing HPV-related cancers, even 10 years later.

*Genital Warts data as of 2011, in the age group 18-60 years.

Experts believe that 8/10 unvaccinated adults can develop an HPV infection in their lifetime.

If not you, it could be someone you know. Take a look at HPV infection statistics around the globe.

HPV can bePrevented

  • By regular screenings and HPV testing
  • By timely HPV vaccination
  • By taking care of your sexual health

And book a free tele-consultation

But, only sexual monogamy and using condoms is not a fool-proof HPV prevention method.

1 out of 2 women may be HPV positive, even with one male partner.

See who’s talking about HPV prevention

Talk to your gynac for HPV awareness

Learning about HPV symptoms, HPV types and how to identify HPV related genital warts is an important part of sexual wellness.

Protect against infection and HPV-related cancers today.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does HPV spread?

HPV primarily spreads through sexual contact. In rare cases, it can spread through non-sexual contact, or from mother to child during birth.

What are the early signs and symptoms of HPV infection?

HPV may not always present with symptoms. If HPV symptoms do appear, they may take the form of genital HPV warts or abnormal cervical smears.
Go to FAQs

HPV – Human Papillomavirus

This information is for awareness only and does not substitute for a doctor's advice, please consult your doctor for more information.

IN-GSL-00722 31/10/2023 - 29/9/2025